Between 2007 and 2020 Poland will be the EU’s largest recipient of funding.
Although the EU budget for 2014–2020 is generally smaller than the previous one, Poland will receive almost 4 billion EURO, more than in the current financial framework 2007–2013.
These funds will be invested in such areas as:
- Scientific research and its commercialisation;
- The key road connections (motorways and expressways);
- Business development;
- Environmentally friendly transport (rail and public transport);
- Digitisation of the country (broadband Internet access and e-government services);
- The inclusion of social and professional activity;
Between 2014 and 2020 Poland will receive 105.8 billion EURO from the EU’s budget – 72.9 billion EURO for the cohesion policy and 28.5 billion EURO for agricultural policy.
In the programming period 2014-2020 Poland will manage six national Operational Programmes (OPs) and 16 regional programmes (one for each region).
- The OP Infrastructure & Environment will support energy efficiency and low-carbon economy projects, in particular in cities. Its main beneficiaries will be public bodies (including local authorities), but also private companies;
- The OP Intelligent Development will aim to increase Poland’s innovation and competitiveness by supporting private sector research and development. The OP will focus on strengthening the link between business and education, as well as the development of innovative companies. Its main beneficiaries will be SMEs, research institutions, clusters and business associations;
- The OP Knowledge, Education & Development will aim to improve the quality and efficiency of the Polish higher education system;
- The OP Digital Poland will be dedicated to ICT projects, broadband networks and e-services;
- The OP Eastern Poland will focus on increasing the competitiveness of the macro-region;
- The OP Technical Assistance will ensure the smooth implementation of structural and investment funds in Poland;
- The 16 Regional Operational Programmes will finance a series of activities that are complementary to the investments envisaged by the 6 national programmes: promotion of entrepreneurship, education, employment, social inclusion, ICT, infrastructure, environment, energy and transport.
As previously announced by Polish authorities, more funds will be managed at the regional level (around 41.5% compared to 24.9% – excluding the figures for European Territorial Co-operation).
Investors that are already present on the Polish market, or just entering it, can count on excellent conditions for investment and also gain direct support. Apart from investment incentives provided through gmina (local authority) councils and various forms of aid, e.g. within the Special Economic Zones, firms can also receive assistance from the EU structural funds.